APPSC ACF Syllabus 2022 – Download Assistant Conservator of Forests Syllabus

APPSC Assistant Conservator Syllabus 2022: Andhra Pradesh Public Service Commission (APPSC) has released the Syllabus for the Assistant Conservator of Forest Posts. You can check the exam patterns and download the syllabus pdf now at

About Andhra Pradesh Public Service Commission: The A.P. Public Service Commission came into existence on 1st November 1956 with the formation of the State of Andhra Pradesh. Before this, there was Andhra Public Service Commission in the Andhra State and Hyderabad Public Service Commission in the Hyderabad State. Andhra Service Commission came into existence only in 1953 after the bifurcation of composite Madras State into Andhra and Madras States.

On the eve of the formation of the Andhra Pradesh Public Service Commission, Andhra Public Service Commission was functioning with a Chairman and two Members, and Hyderabad Public Service Commission was functioning with one Member. Hence, A.P. Public Service Commission was constituted with a Chairman and 3 Members. With increasing workload, Government enhanced the Members to five in the year 1981 and later to Chairman and 7 Members in the year 1983. The government again reviewed the strength in 1994 and enhanced it to Chairman and 9 Members. This is the present strength.

APPSC ACF Exam Pattern & Syllabus 2022

Candidates who had applied for the APPSC Assistant Conservator of Forests Examination must clear the written test to get selected for the post. Read the entire article and download the syllabus absolutely free of cost and prepare well for the forthcoming examinations.

Andhra Pradesh Public Service Commission conducts a two-stage selection procedure for recruiting candidates for the post of Assistant Conservator of Forests

  • Preliminary Examination
  • Main Examination
  • Interview

APPSC ACF Preliminary Examination Pattern

Name of the Paper No. of Questions Duration Maximum Marks
General Studies & Mental Ability 75 75 75
General Forestry I & II 75 75 75
Total 150

APPSC ACF Main Examination Pattern

Name of the Paper No. of Marks Questions Minutes
General English & General Telugu (50 + 50) 100 100 100
Paper-I: General Studies & Mental Ability 150 150 150
Paper-II: Mathematics (SSC standard) 150 150 150
Paper-III: General Forestry – I 150 150 150
Paper-IV: General Forestry – II 150 150 150
Total 600

APPSC ACF Preliminary Examination Syllabus

Paper-I: General Studies & Mental Ability

  • General Science – Contemporary developments in Science and Technology and their
    implications including matters of everyday observation and experience, as may be expected of
    a well-educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific discipline.
  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India – emphasis will be on a broad general understanding of the subject in its social, economic, cultural, and political aspects with a focus on AP Indian National Movement.
  • World Geography and Geography of India with a focus on AP.
  • Indian polity and Economy – including the country’s political system- rural development – Planning and economic reforms in India.
  • Mental ability – reasoning and inferences.
  • Sustainable Development and Environmental Protection
  • Disaster Management
  • a) Concepts in disaster management and vulnerability profile of India and State of A.P.
    b) Earthquakes, Cyclones, Tsunami, Floods, Drought – causes and effects.
    c) Manmade disasters – Prevention strategies.
    d) Mitigation strategies and measure

Mathematics (SSC Standard):


a) Number System-Natural numbers, Integers,
b) Rational and Real numbers,
c) Fundamental operations, addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, square roots, Decimal fractions.
d) Unitary method-time and distance, time and work, percentages, applications to simple and compound interest, profit and loss, ratio and proportion, variation.
e) Elementary Number Theory – Division algorithm, Prime and composite numbers. Tests of divisibility by 2,3,4,5,9 and 11.
f) Multiples and factors, factorization Theorem. H.C.F. and L.C.M. Euclidean algorithm. Logarithms to base 10, laws of logarithms, use of logarithmic tables.


a) Basic Operations, simple factors, Remainder Theorem, H.C.F., L.C.M.
b) Theory of polynomials, solutions of quadratic equations, relation between its roots and coefficients (Only real roots to be considered). Simultaneous linear equations in two unknowns – analytical and Graphical solutions. Simultaneous linear in equations in two variables and their solutions.
c) Practical problems leading to two simultaneous linear equations or equations in two variables or quadratic equations in one variable and their solutions.
d) Set language and set notation, rational expressions, and conditional identities, laws of indices


Sine x, Cosine x, Tangent x when Oo = x = 90o values of sin x, cos x and tan x, for x= Oo , 30o, 45o, 60o and 90o, Simple trigonometric identities. Use of trigonometric tables, Simple cases of heights and distances.


(i) Lines and angles, Plane and plane figures,
(ii) Theorems on
a) Properties of angles at a point,
b) Parallel lines,
c) Sides and angles of a triangle,
d) Congruency of triangles,
e) Similar triangles,
f) Concurrence of medians and altitudes,
g) Properties of angles, sides, and diagonals of a parallelogram, rectangle, and square,
h) Circles and their properties including tangents and normals,
i) Loci.


a) Areas of squares, rectangles, parallelograms, triangles,s, and circles.
b) Areas of figures which can be split up into the figures (Field Book),
c) Surface area and volume of cuboids, lateral surface, and volume of right circular cones and cylinders, surface area and volume of spheres.


a) Collection and tabulation of statistical data,
b) Graphical representation – frequency polygons, histograms, bar charts, pie charts etc.
c) Measures of central tendency.

General Forestry I Syllabus:

Renewable and Non-Renewable Natural Resources

a) Forest resources: Use and over-exploitation, deforestation, important case studies. Timber extraction, mining, dams, and their effects on forests and tribal people.
b) Water resources: Use and over-utilization of surface and ground water, floods, drought, conflicts over water, dams-benefits, and problems.
c) Mineral resources: Use and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources.
d) Food resources: World food problems, changes caused by agriculture and overgrazing, effects of modern agriculture, fertilizer-pesticide problems, water logging, salinity.
e) Energy resources: Growing energy needs, renewable and non-renewable energy sources, use of alternate energy sources.
f) Land resources: Land as a resource, land degradation, man-induced landslides, soil erosion, and desertification.

Plant Sciences:

a) The diversity in the living world and biological classification.
b) Morphology of flowering plants-modifications and functions of roots, stems, and leaves.
c) Basics of plant tissues and how they differ from animal tissues.
d) Basic anatomical structure of wood like annual rings, grain, texture, pores, fibers, pith, rays, etc.,
e) Seed morphology- types of seeds viz., mono-cotyledonous and di-cotyledonous, albuminous, and endospermic and their development, structure, dormancy, dispersal, and germination.
f) Reproduction in plants:
g) Sexual incompatibility and sexual methods of reproduction in plants-Pollination, fertilization, hybridization, and development of the fruit.
h) Asexual and vegetative methods of reproduction
i) Principles of Plant propagation- production of varieties and hybrids.
j) Absorption and conduction of water and minerals salts translocation- transpiration – photosynthesis, respiration, digestion and assimilation of food, anabolism and catabolism- deficiency symptoms of essential elements, role of plant growth regulators in plants.
k) Basic principles of inheritance and variation and molecular basis of inheritance with special emphasis on DNA & RNA.
l) The most common diseases of plants, important factors affecting infections and the chemical, biological and genetic methods of disease control.

Biodiversity and its conservation:

a) Definition and value of biodiversity, genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity,
b) Biodiversity at global, National, and local levels,
c) Hot spots of biodiversity, causes of biodiversity losses, need, and the measures for biodiversity conservation.
(d) Major biomes of India, major abiotic factors that influence the life of organisms,
responses of the organisms to such factors, adaptations for withstanding the extremes in the environment, and population ecology.

Soil Science & Geology:

a) Geological formation of the rocks and minerals of India.
b) Earth and its layers-domains of earth Types – of rocks and their formation weathering process of rocks- factors affecting soil formation-physical, chemical and biological properties soil; minerals, their types and their conservation.
c) Soil conservation- definition, causes for erosion, types – wind and water erosion; conservation and management of eroded soils/areas, windbreaks, shelter belts; sand dunes; reclamation of saline and alkaline soils, waterlogged and other wastelands. Role of forests in conserving soils.
d) Maintenance and build-up of soil organic matter; forest leaf litter and composting; Role of microorganisms in ameliorating soils; N and C cycles.

Water Resource Management and Watershed Management

a) Basics of surface and subsurface water resources, pollution of water, and water resource management.
b) Concepts of the watershed; the role of mini-forests and forest trees in overall resource management, forest hydrology, and watershed development.
c) Water-harvesting and conservation; groundwater recharge and watershed management; the role of integrating forest trees, horticultural crops, field crops, grass, and fodders.

Silviculture, Agroforestry, Social Forestry

a) General Silvicultural Principles; ecological and physiological factors influencing vegetation, natural and artificial regeneration of forests, methods of propagation, grafting techniques; site factors;
b) Nursery and planting techniques — nursery beds, polybags and maintenance, water budgeting, grading and hardening of seedlings, special approaches, establishment, and tending.
c) Silviculture of the following economically important species grown in Andhra Pradesh such as
1) Acacia nilotica
2) Azadirachta indica,
3) Dendrocalamus strictus,
4) Casuarina equisetifolia,
5) Dalbergia sisoo,
6) Emblica Officinalis,
7) Eucalyptus spp,
8) Gmelina arborea,
9) Pterocarpus marsupium,
10)Pterocarpus santalinus
11)Santalum album
12) Tectona grandis,
13)Melia dubia and
14)Leucaena leucocephala

d) Agroforestry: scope and necessity; role in the life of people and domestic animals and in integrated land use, planning especially related to soil and water conservation, water recharge, nutrient availability to crops, nature and ecosystem preservation including ecological balances through pest- predator relationships and providing opportunities for enhancing biodiversity, medicinal and other flora, and fauna.

e) Agroforestry systems under different agroecological zones, selection of species and role of multipurpose trees and NTFPs, techniques, food, fodder, and fuel security.

f) Objectives, scope, and necessity of social forestry.

g) Genesis, principles, objectives, and methodology of Community Forest Management in Andhra Pradesh.

General Forestry II Syllabus:

Ecosystem  & Wildlife:

a) Concept of an ecosystem, Structure, and function of an ecosystem, the rate of biomass production, GPP, NPP, decomposition, and energy flow through different trophic levels. Ecological pyramids and ecological succession.
b) Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure, functions, and services of the ecosystems such as Forest ecosystem, Grassland ecosystem, Desert ecosystem, Aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries),
c) Wildlife of India, endangered species of India; sanctuaries and national parks of India and Biological rhythms.

Forest Protection and Wild Life Biology:

a) Injuries to forest – abiotic and biotic destructive agencies, insect — pests and disease, effects of air pollution on forests and forest die back.
b) Susceptibility of forests to damage, nature of the damage, cause, prevention, protective measures, and benefits due to chemical and biological control.
c) General forest protection against fire, equipment, and methods, controlled use of fire, economic and environmental costs;
d) Timber salvage operations after natural disasters.
e) Role of afforestation and forest regeneration in the absorption of CO2.
f) Rotational and controlled grazing, different methods of control against grazing and browsing animals;
g) Effect of wild animals on forest regeneration,
h) Human impacts: Forest encroachment, poaching, grazing, live fencing, theft, shifting cultivation, and control.

Forest Utilization:

a) Traditional and improved/modern tools used in logging, wood seasoning, wood/timber preservation,
b) logging-transport methods,
c) Physical properties of wood and their importance in the identification of timber species.
d) Uses of important MFP/NTFP species available in the forests of A.P.
e) List of plants known to be antidotes of snake and scorpion poisoning

Animal Management:

a) Animal management – animal ailments and treatments.
b) Definition of some animals like human beings, wolf, jackals, lion rabbit, etc., based on incisors- canine/cuspids, pre-molars, and molars,
c) Poisonous and non-poisonous snakes of India, symptoms following the snake bite, treatment of snake bite.
d) Role of nutrition in animal health and production.
e) Nutrition deficiencies and their management.
f) Morphological features of a bird and the concept of migration in birds and the
ecological importance of birds.

Economic Zoology:

Beneficial and harmful insects include insect vectors of human diseases, Industrial fish, prawns, and mollusks of India, Non-poisonous and poisonous snakes of India, Venomous animals-centipede, wasp, and honey bees.

Forest Economics, Forest Legislation, and Administration:

a) Forest economics – fundamental principles, cost-benefit analyses; estimation of demand and supply;
b) Forest economics – investment planning, depreciation, working capital, types of costs viz., gross, fixed, variable, marginal & opportunity costs.,
c) Methods employed for investment calculations such as the Net surplus method, payoff time method, present value or capital value method, internal interest method, and capital cost method.
d) Forest Legislation-History of forest development; the essence of Indian Forest Policy of 1894, 1952, and 1990. National Forest Policy -1988.
e) Forest laws, necessity; general principles, AP Forest Act-1967; Forest Conservation Act-1980; Wildlife Protection Act-1972 and their amendments; Application of Indian Penal Code to Forestry.
f) Forest Administration: Indian Forest Service, AP State Forest Service, AP State Forest Subordinate Services, AP Forest Department-Its structure and activities.

Forest Inventory:

a) Scope and objectives of Forest inventory.
b) Complete enumeration vs. sampling, need for sampling, basic concepts in sampling, designing large-scale sample surveys, sampling and non-sampling errors, and simple random sampling.
c) Properties of a good estimator, estimation of sample size, stratified random sampling, systematic sampling cluster sampling, and ratio and regression methods of estimation under simple and stratified random sampling.

Forest Menstruation & Remote Sensing:

a) Statistics- population parameters- measures of central tendency and dispersion, the aim of sampling, sampling methods, regression.
b) Methods of measuring —diameter, girth, height, and volume of trees; form-factor; volume estimation of the stand, current annual increment; mean annual increment, Yield calculation, yield and stand tables:
c) Forest planning, evaluation, and monitoring tools and approaches for integrated planning.
d) Modern instruments used in forest mensuration like RELASKOP, ALTIMETER, WEDGE PRISM, PLANIMETER, etc.,
e) Basic principles of Remote sensing- Air photo interpretation GIS, GPS, and GNSS.
f) Forest cover monitoring through remote sensing;

Environmental Sciences:

a) Definition, scope and importance, need for public awareness on environmental issues.
b) Environmental Pollution: Definition, Causes, effects, and control measures of Air pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution, Marine pollution, Noise pollution, Thermal pollution &Nuclear hazards.
c) Solid waste Management: Causes, effects, and control measures of urban and industrial wastes.
d) Social Issues and the Environment: From Unsustainable to Sustainable development.
e) Urban problems related to energy, Water conservation, rainwater harvesting, Resettlement, and rehabilitation of people; its problems and concerns,
f) Environmental ethics: Issues and possible solutions, Climate change, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, nuclear accidents and holocaust, Wasteland reclamation, Consumerism, and waste products.
g) Necessity of Environment Protection Act-1986, Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act-1981, Water (Prevention and control of Pollution) Act-1974, APWALTA, 2004.

Forest Survey & Engineering:

a) Basics of Survey and forest Engineering – bearings, Offsets- types of concrete, painting, varnishing, glazing, pointing, plastering.
b) Road alignment- main considerations in road alignment,
c) Types of roads depending upon the duration of the use of the road,
d) Use of ghat tracer, Dumpy level, IOP level, and Theodolite.

First Aid:

a) Primary goal, key aims, and types of first-aid.
b) First Aid- first aid for bleeding, drowning, venomous insects, burns and scalds, shock, unconsciousness, fits, fainting, sunstroke, sprains, wounds, and fractures.

APPSC ACF Main Examination Syllabus

Qualifying Test (SSC Standard)

General English

a) Comprehension
b) Phrases and idioms
c) Vocabulary and punctuation
d) Logical re-arrangement of sentences

General Telugu

a) Synonyms & Vocabulary
b) Grammar
c) Telugu to English meanings
d) English to Telugu meanings

All the remaining syllabus is the same as the Preliminary Examination syllabus.

Important Links

Detailed Syllabus Click Here
APPSC Official Website Click Here
Go to Sarkari Result Click Here

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